Today, September 1, marks the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of World War II — the global conflict that encompassed the Holocaust and brought devastation to the Jewish world in Europe.
It is also the 20th anniversary of the European Day(s) of Jewish Culture (EDJC) — a pan-European festival of tourism and education that focuses on Jewish culture, creativity, and life and is marked by hundreds of events in more than 25 countries around the continent.
To mark the anniversary, we attention you to JHE Director Ruth Ellen Gruber’s reflection on the EDJC — she took part in the 1999 meeting that established the event.
We also here post a brief photo essay showing before and after images of some of the synagogues and other Jewish sites that suffered destruction and devastation during WW2, and in its aftermath and the run-up to it — and which have been restored and repaired to stand proud today.
Many if not most synagogues that have undergone restoration in recent years are used as cultural spaces, while some once derelict places are now again used for worship.
Boskovice, Czech Republic
Budapest (Grave of the prolific synagogue architect Lipot Baumhorn)
Mlada Boleslav, Czech Republic