The full report from the 9-day survey using non-invasive, ground-penetrating technology to locate Holocaust mass graves and killing sites in Rohatyn, Ukraine has been published — the 80-page report is available online.
Research was carried out at two sites known to be sites of mass graves, and where memorial markers were placed in past decades, but where the precise locations of the graves were lost.
According to RJH, “clear survey results were obtained and supported by supplemental research and site observations by the archaeology team for several important locations at the sites.”
The survey was carried out by archaeologists led by Dr. Caroline Sturdy-Colls from the Centre of Archaeology at Staffordshire University and formed part of a broader project on Recording Cultural Genocide and Killing Sites in Jewish Cemeteries “that focuses on raising awareness of the causes and consequences of cultural genocide and mass killings (using Jewish cemeteries desecrated by the Nazis as a pilot case study), directly tackling racism, xenophobia and hostility in the present.”
RJH has posted on its web site a detailed summary of the report and its results, with many illustrations — click HERE to read it.
In the summary, RJH states:
The research process conducted by the Centre of Archaeology at Staffordshire University followed a sequence they have used at other sites of conflict:
review and compilation of historical documentation about the killing and burial events (much of which was provided by RJH), including Jewish and other witness and second-hand accounts, modern and historical aerial photos and maps, and other media;
interviews and discussions with Rohatyn locals;
walkover landscape surveys of each of the target sites;
topographic surveys of the sites using GPS and total station theodolite (TST) tools integrated with electronic distance measurement (EDM, or rangefinder);
ground penetrating radar (GPR) scanning by passing radar antennas over the ground within the survey areas, measuring signal reflection and attenuation continuously on a tight parallel pattern (typically at 1m intervals) to detect buried human remains and other subsurface features representative of mass graves;
post-survey three-dimensional radar data assimilation and analysis, coupled with geographical information system (GIS) tools.