An informative FAQ about Jewish cemeteries and Jewish funerary practices, posted on the web site of the B’nai Tikvah Beth Israel synagogue in New Jersey
The web site provides links to an extensive range of resources as well as case studies and advice. It focuses on three oblasts in western Ukraine (those of eastern Galicia), but much of its material has a broader relevance.
The web site of a U.S. non-profit organization of cemetery conservators & preservationists that provides information on such things as cleaning, re-setting, restoring, and maintaining headstones and also provides training sessions and expertise.
Extensive information about how to preserve, conserve and/or restore gravestones. The material is centered on (mainstream) historic cemeteries in the United States, but much of the how-to and technical information is valid for work in Jewish cemeteries in Europe. There are illustrations, step-by-step guides, an FAQ, a glossary of terms, links and other material.
Our JHE post from December 27, 2015
Step-by-step article by Keely Deutsche on the “dengarden” web site
A step-by-step illustrated guide to the process, by Ta Mara Conde, a gravestone conservator and member of the Association for Gravestone Studies. The stones illustrated are in historic cemeteries in the United States, but the process can be used on Jewish gravestones in Europe.
These FAQs include discussions of why you should NOT use shaving cream or flour to highlight epitaphs in order to read them. Instead, To safely read a worn inscription, AGS recommends the following methods:
- — Use a large mirror to direct bright sunlight diagonally across the face of the gravestone to cast shadows in indentations and make inscriptions more visible. In wooded areas, use a flashlight to achieve similar results.
- — Take a digital photo, upload onto a computer, edit the picture, and choose invert colors. This will make the image look like an old 35mm negative and bring out the lettering. To keep a copy of the original and edited photograph, select “save as” when saving the edited photograph.
- — Treat a wet gravestone with D/2 Biological Solution, scrub into a lather using a plastic bristle brush, and smooth the lather into the inscription to make the letters more readable. Afterward, rinse the stone thoroughly.