Jewish Heritage Europe

Heritage and Heritage sites

GENERAL

Synagoga Slovaca

The most comprehensive web site and searchable database of Jewish heritage sites in Slovakia.

Slovak Jewish Heritage Route 

Network of two dozen key Jewish heritage sites in all regions of Slovakia, maintained in partnership with local institutions and organizations.

Jewish Heritage in Slovakia

Travel resource, with summary descriptions of Jewish heritage sites around the country.

Jewish Cemeteries in Slovakia

Contact numbers for a selected list of Jewish cemeteries maintained by the Union of Jewish Communities.

International Jewish Cemetery Project – Slovakia

Lo-Tishkach Slovak Cemetery Preliminary Report – April 2008

Download from here the  PDF file of a detailed preliminary report on Legislation & Practice Relating to the Protection and Preservation of Jewish Burial Grounds in Slovakia, prepared by Lo-Tishkach

INDIVIDUAL SITES

There are more than 100 synagogues buildings and more than 700 Jewish cemeteries in Slovakia: you can find lists and information by visiting the general links above. We list here major sites as well as those having their own web sites.

BRATISLAVA

Active synagogue on Heydukova street; fragment of medieval synagogue; Chatam Sofer memorial; Orthodox and Neolog Jewish cemeteries; Museum of Jewish Culture; Bratislava Jewish community museum (opening in 2012); Holocaust memorials. Almost all of Bratislava’s historic Jewish quarter, including the twin-towered, Moorish-style synagogue, was destroyed in the late 1960s when the New Bridge and a cross-town highway were built. This video from 1966  shows the beginning of the construction and features remarkable footage of the synagogue before its destruction.

Heydukova Street Synagogue

Bratislava Jewish Community Museum 

Opened in 2012 in the women’s gallery of the Heydukova Street synagogue

Chatam Sofer Memorial

The Memorial can be visited by contacting the Bratislava Jewish community: memorial@znoba.sk

Museum of Jewish Culture

 A branch of the Slovak National Museum.

BANSKÁ ŠTIAVNICA

The long-dilapidated, late 19th century Synagogue, located in the town center, was rededicated in September after a 14-month, nearly €900,000 renovation process. A commemorative plaque honoring the destroyed Jewish community was unveiled. The synagogue is owned by the local ERB Brewery and now forms part of the brewery complex.

The Jewish Cemetery, founded in 1892 on Novozámocká Street, below the New Castle, is located on a slope overlooking the town. There are graves of some 228 people, all documented, in the walled enclosure and a distinctive chapel/ceremonial hall with a Moorish-style dome and arches. The cemetery and chapel have recently been restored as part of an ongoing civic initiative led by a local teacher, Beata Nemcova. The cemetery is a site on the Slovak Jewish Heritage Route.

Jewish Heritage in Banská Štiavnica web site

Information on the synagogue, the Jewish cemetery and other sites in the town.

Banská Štiavnica page on the Slovak Jewish Heritage Route

BARDEJOV

Bardejov’s medieval core and the site of its former “Jewish Suburb” just outside the town walls are on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites. Early 19th century Great Synagogue (one of two surviving synagogues in Slovakia built around a central four-pillar bimah) with compound including mikvah, Beit Midrash. Also, the small, fully intact Chevra Bikur Cholim synagogue, founded in 1929, in the town center. Jewish cemetery.

Bardejov town web site

UNESCO World Heritage List Description of Bardejov

Jewish Bardejov web site (Bardejov Jewish Preservation Committee)

Old Synagogue compound: Mlynská 13

Chevra Bikur Cholim synagogue: Kláštorská ulica 20

Jewish Cemetery

BYTČA

Synagogue

Neo-Romanque/Moorish synagogue built in 1886 and, although listed as a national cultural monument in 1990, has long languished in derelict condition. It is currently under (slow) renovation.

Synagogue restoration web site: In English and in Slovak

KOMARNO

Jewish community  “Menhaz” complex, including 19th century synagogue in a former red-brick Jewish home for the elderly. Former Orthodox synagogue now integrated into the complex of a (non-Jewish) old age home. The Neolog Temple is used as a sports club. Jewish cemetery. Small Jewish community museum.

KOSICE

Jewish courtyard with 19th century synagogue (under reconstruction but used for cultural events); kosher lunchroom; mikvah; prayer room. Large orthodox synagogue; former Neolog synagogue, now Philharmonic hall; former Jewish school; wartime ghetto; Old and New Jewish cemeteries.

Orthodox Jewish Compound

Jewish Kosice

Walking itinerary prepared by “Visit Kosice”, the local city tourism agency.

Jewish Culture and its Heritage in Slovakia after 1989: Urban sites of remembrance in Košice and their meanings

 Article by Vanda Vitti, University of Munich

LEVICE

Synagogue (at Kalmana Kittenbergera  2281) designed by Gustav Sisak and built in the 1880s; remodeled in 1902 by the local architect and builder Rudolf Czibulka; declared a historical monument in 1980. Owned by the city and derelict for decades after World War II, it was restored and rededicated as a cultural center in 2012.

The Slovak Postal Service issued a staLevice-stampmp dedicated to the synagogue in January 2014

MALACKY

Moorish style synagogue

Designed by Wilhelm Stiassny, now an art school, but much ornamentation preserved

NITRA

Synagogue designed by the Hungarian architect Lipot Baumhorn and built in 1908-11 serves as a cultural center and also houses Slovakia’s national Holocaust memorial exhibition, “The Fate of Slovak Jews,” in the women’s gallery.

PRESOV

Picturesque town in eastern Slovakia. Large synagogue built in 1897-1898 with opulent interior anchoring orthodox Jewish communal courtyard, with several other buildings and Jewish community office. Important Barkany Judaica collection displayed in women’s gallery of the synagogue. Former Neolog synagogue now a store (Konstantinova 7); Jewish cemetery.

 Orthodox Compound: Okružná 32, Prešov

SAHY

Two former synagogues; two Jewish cemeteries; large Holocaust memorial.

Status Quo Synagogue built in 1852 (now an art gallery and cultural venue):

SAMORIN

Contemporary art gallery and culture center, the At Home Gallery, located in the early 20th century synagogue and surrounding Jewish complex. There is a Jewish cemetery near the synagogue.

At Home Gallery

SPISSKE PODHRADIE

Typical small provincial synagogue, undergoing restoration, in important town, church and castle complex listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Abandoned Jewish cemetery.

Synagogue

UNESCO listing for Spis Castle region

STUPAVA

One of the oldest synagogues and one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries in Slovakia. The synagogue (currently being restored by the private Jewrope foundation) dates from 1803 and is one of two in Slovakia built around a four-pillar bimah. The earliest documented gravestone in the cemetery is from 1642.

Jewrope web site

Includes a virtual tour of the synagogue, a map of the Jewish cemetery, and other documentation

Article in The Forward (2015) about Stupava synagogue project and Stupava Jewish cemetery

Stupava synagogue on Slovak Jewish Heritage web site

TRNAVA

Two former synagogues across the street from each other, both now contemporary art galleries. Former Status Quo synagogue designed by Jakub Gartner has a branch of the Museum of Jewish Culture in the women’s gallery and a Holocaust memorial at its entrance. Jewish cemetery.

Jan Koniarka Gallery of Contemporary Art (Status Quo synagogue)

“Small Synagogue” Max Gallery (former Orthodox Synagogue)

ZILINA

Modernist (former) Neolog synagogue inaugurated in 1931 and designed by German architect Peter Behrens; long used as a cinema, now being restored and repurposed as a center for contemporary art. Orthodox synagogue used by community, with branch of Museum of Jewish Culture. Jewish cemetery.

Jewish Community Zilina (with information on synagogues and cemetery)

Novasynagoga.sk — web site of the project to restore and repurpose the Neolog Synagogue

Article about restoration of Neolog synagogue, in the Slovak Spectator