There are synagogues in Stockholm, Göteborg, Malmö and Norrköping. Jewish cemeteries can be found in Göteborg, Gotand, Kalmar, Karlskrona, Karlstad, Larbro, Malmö, Norrköping, Stockholm and Sundsvall.
The Great Synagogue and Holocaust Memorial
An inscription in Hebrew over the main entrance shows that the Great Synagogue was built in 1870, the year in which Jews obtained full legal equality in Sweden. Designed by Fredrik Wilhelm Scholander, the synagogue is a massive rectilinear structure of plastered brick, framed by four flat-topped corner towers containing staircases. The three-part façade with its heavy cornices recalls, in a general way, ancient Near Eastern forms and Biblical descriptions of the Jerusalem Temple. The arrangement of the galleried interior recalls 19th-century trends in synagogue design promoted primarily by Reform congregations, with the bimah installed in front of the Ark in the east wall. The structure, which seats 830 people, has been maintained and restored. An organ and women’s choir provides music during services.
A memorial to victims of the Holocaust is engraved on the wall leading from the synagogue entrance to an adjacent Jewish community building. It was dedicated in 1998 by Carl Gustaf XVI, King of Sweden, and contains more than 8,000 names of victims who were relatives of Swedish Jews.
Adat Jisroel Synagogue
Long known as the ‘polische minyan’ (Polish minyan), the synagogue is now situated in an 18th-century building that was renovated in 1982-83
Web site of the orthodox congregation (in Swedish) that uses the synagogue, which is located in the first floor (American second) in the building that houses the Hillel school The Art Nouveau furnishings come from a synagogue in Hamburg, Germany that survived Kristallnacht in 1938. Among other details, the ends of the wooden pews are decorated with lovely Art Nouveau paintings of flowers. The furnishings were shipped to Stockholm just before the outbreak of World War II.
There are four Jewish cemeteries in Stockholm, two of which are still in use: the Southern Jewish cemetery in Sköndal and Northern Jewish cemetery in Solna.
Downloadable PDF Facsimile on a 1927 book documenting the old Jewish cemeteries of Aronsberg and Kronoberg, both located on Kungsholmen in Stockholm, with translations of epitaphs into Swedish and lists of burials. These cemeteries, the earlier in the city and no longer used, operated in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Synagogue, Jewish cemetery, active Jewish community.
Östra Larmgatan 12
S-411 07 Göteborg
Built in 1855, the Götenburg synagogue is a national landmark whose eastern wall faces the moat surrounding the city. Its interior is an eclectic mix of styles, including Moorish, Byzantine and Romanesque. Its straight-backed, L-shaped pews are puritan and plain; its balconies are covered with earth-colored designs. The side columns feature intertwined motifs resembling Viking or Celtic interlacing. The octagonal bimah is trimmed in gilt, while the steps up to the Ark are painted to look like marble. Outside, the building has an entrance topped by three arched windows, flanked by smaller ones edged with subtle scalloping. The building’s corners are topped by small, windowed octagons, with copper cupolas decorated with a small Magen David design.
A first small synagogue was built in Norrköping by Jacob Marcus in 1790. Marcus had arrived in the town in 1782 with special permission to trade and to open factories. The present synagogue (on Brabogatan) was dedicated in 1858. In 1860, the congregation had 99 members. Today, there are few Jews in the town. The synagogue was listed as an historic building in 1978. A compact white structure with a squarish plan and central cupola and decorative roofline resembling battlements, it was renovated and re-inaugurated in 2010 thanks to a donation by Sweden’s General Consul in San Francisco. Jacob Marcus (1749-1819) is buried in the town’s Jewish Cemetery.