The Association Culturelle Israelite (ACI), the official representative body of the Jewish community in the Principality of Monaco, a city-state located on the French Riviera, was founded in 1948.
Prior to World War II, approximated 300 Jews lived in Monaco. During the war, the government issued false papers to protect its Jewish citizens, but deported Jewish refugees trying to find a save haven in Monaco. In 2015, Prince Albert II of Monaco formally apologized for his country’s role in the Holocaust and dedicated a monument to these deported Jews at Monaco’s cemetery.
Today, around 1,000 Jews, the vast majority retirees, live Monte Carlo. The ACI has a synagogue in a converted private residence. In addition there is a Chabad center. Monaco’s cemetery has a small Jewish section.