The International Survey of Jewish Monuments (ISJM) defines Jewish monuments very broadly — to include art, artifacts, and sites that are of significance to the history, religion and culture of Jews and Judaism.

Jewish Heritage Europe includes information on museums, exhibitions and more intangible material, but our primary focus in on built heritage, that is, physical sites and places, rather than art and artifacts.

These include:

– Archaeological sites with evidence of Jewish activity and/or settlement, or events significant in the history of Jews;

– Buildings such as synagogues, Jewish schools, mikvaot, houses of rabbis and other prominent people;

– Various types of former and actual Jewish quarters, ghettos, settlements, and neighborhoods;

– Cemeteries and other funerary sites and all the art and architectural elements they contain;

To a lesser extent JHE also focuses on Holocaust-related sites including ghettos; deportation centers; concentration, labor and death camps; killing sites and mass graves; memorials and monuments; and other places.