How many Jewish cemeteries are there in Europe?
The Lo-Tishkach database includes more than 11,000 Jewish cemeteries and mass graves in Europe; it is searchable through key words, location, and country. Not all of these sites have been fully documented, but there are cross-border and local initiatives to do so.
We list cross-border, regional or Europe-wide projects here, along with some major national sites.
Further resources and information on Jewish cemeteries in individual countries will be found in the specific country pages of this web site.
GENERAL ASSOCIATIONS & REPORTS
General resource on cemeteries, preservation issues, etc. Not specifically Jewish.
Site on cemeteries in general; with European cemetery route.
May 10, 2012 report summarizing the situation of Jewish Cemeteries in Europe, ahead of the ratification of an resolution calling for their care and maintenance.
Published by ICOMOS in 2011, articles on a wide range of issues regarding Jewish cemeteries, drawn from papers presented at a conference April 3-6, 2011. The entire more than 200-page book is available for download as a PDF file.
Epidat provides the inventory, documentation, editions and presentation of epigraphical collections. Currently online available are 176 digital editions with 31384 epitaphs (61432 image files).
A Non-Profit Volunteer Cooperative Initiative of IAJGS: International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies and JewishGen, Inc’s JOWBR to Identify Jewish Burial Sites and Interments Throughout in the World
The JOWBR aims to catalog data about Jewish cemeteries and burial records worldwide, from the earliest records to the present. It is a searchable database of names and associated information, including photographs of gravestones. As of December 2013, JOWBR contains more than two million burial records from 4,200 cemeteries in 83 countries.
Founded in 2006 as a joint project of the Conference of European Rabbis (CER) and the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany. Among its aims is to compile a comprehensive publicly-accessible database of all Jewish burial grounds in Europe — to date more than 11,000 cemeteries and mass graves. The Lo Tishkach project is also producing a compendium of the different national and international laws and practices affecting these sites.
Photographs, articles, and other information on Jewish cemeteries, mainly in northern Romania, western Ukraine and Poland, focusing on the decorative gravestone iconography depicting women. A web project by Jewish Heritage Europe Coordinator Ruth Ellen Gruber.
PRESERVATION AND PROTECTION
Religious organization engaged in rescuing, restoring, and preserving abandoned Jewish cemeteries and grave sites; a recognized Halachic expert authority on Jewish cemeteries and mass graves.
Every year, Dartmouth University (NH) Hillel takes a group of students from different ethnic, religious, and socioeconomic backgrounds to eastern Europe to restore the cemetery of a once vibrant Jewish community. So far, such projects have been undertaken in Pristina (Kosovo), Sanok (Poland), Yurburg (Lithuania), Druzhkapol (Ukraine), Lunna (Belarus), Indura (Belarus) and Sopotskin (Belarus)
Set up as a German-based non-profit organization in early 2015, it has the core objective of protecting and preserving Jewish cemetery sites across the European continent through delineation of cemetery boundaries and the construction of cemetery walls and locking gates. So far, dozens of cemetery sites have been fenced, mainly in Ukraine and elsewhere in Eastern Europe.
616 Bedford Avenue Suite 2B
Brooklyn, NY 11249
Tel: 718 640 1470
Fax: 718 228 8368
Religious organization engaged in rescuing, restoring, and preserving abandoned Jewish cemeteries in Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, Western Ukraine, and some parts of Poland.