Tiny, landlocked Andorra, situated in the Pyrenees between France and Spain, prospers as a tourist destination and a tax haven, and many foreigners have established homes there.
The Jewish history and culture of Andorra is closely tied to that of Spain, and especially Catalonia. Judaism was practically nonexistent from the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian peninsula in the 1490s until the 19th century, when Jews were again permitted to enter, albeit in small numbers. Today an estimated 100 reside in Andorra.
Perhaps the best known Jewish connection with Andorra has nothing to with the reality of the country. In 1961 the Swiss writer Max Frisch (1911-1991) wrote the play Andorra, about anti-Semitism and its consequences. Frisch’s Andorra, however, is an entirely imaginary realm.