Jewish Heritage Europe

Kristallnacht: Wonderful surviving — and restored — synagogues to mark the 80th anniversary

Wall decoration in St Pölten, Austria, synagogue


By now it’s a JHE tradition.

The night of November 9-10 marks the  80th anniversary of the so-called Kristallnacht pogrom in 1938, when the Nazis launched coordinated violent attacks on Jews, Jewish property and Jewish places of worship all over Germany and German-occupied territory: more than 1,000 synagogues were torched that night; at least 7,000 Jewish businesses were devastated; nearly 100 Jews were killed and tens of thousands of Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps. In the following years, hundreds more synagogues and prayer houses were destroyed during World War II, and even after the War ended, hundreds more were either destroyed, left derelict and abandoned or converted for other use that totally obscured their original identity.

We feel that the best way to mark the  anniversary is to post images of some of the beautiful synagogues that still stand in Europe — or have been renovated and refurbished — or have been newly built. Only some are used regularly for religious services; most have been converted for secular cultural use.

You can CLICK HERE  to see the selection of photos from 2013.  To see the photos from  2014 CLICK HERE –  for the photos from 2015, CLICK HERE — for the photos from 2016, CLICK HERE. From last year,  2017, CLICK HERE


Interior, Old Synagogue, Plzen, CZ looking toward the ark


Holocaust memorial outside Subotica, Serbia syangogue. The restored synagogue was rededicated in 2018


Subotica, synagogue. Looking toward the ark


Synagogue in St. Pölten Austria. Now a Jewish research institute


Synagogue, Rakovnik, Czech Republic (now and concert and cultural venue)


Kazinczy st orthodox synagogue, Budapest


Ceiling of synagogue in Cuneo, Italy


Medieval synagogue in Worms, Germany – destroyed by the Nazis, totally rebuilt in 1961


Serbian postage stamp of the synagogue in Novi Sad (designed by Lipot Baumhorn)


Ark in great synagogue, Wlodawa, Poland (now a museum)


Synagogue in Usov, Czech Republic


Ceiling of the synagogue in Saluzzo, Italy


Interior, Plzen Great Synagogue


Dohany st synagogue, Budapest, by night


Ceiling, beautifully restored synagogue in Breznice, CZ


Synagogue in Caslav, Czech Republic


Synagogue in Belgrade


Memorial synagogue in Cluj, Romania


Ark, Great Synagogue, Plzen, Czech Republic


The modern synagogue in Munich
Looking toward the Ark in the synagogue in Cuneo, Italy


Nozyk synagogue, Warsaw, Poland
Interior, Jubilee (Jeruzalemska) synagogue, Prague, CZ


Visitors at the Kupa Synagogue, Krakow



4 comments on “Kristallnacht: Wonderful surviving — and restored — synagogues to mark the 80th anniversary

  1. How would I leave a photo of the modern synagogue that is the very special one shared by all strands of Judaism in Oxford?

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